PSY 352 Week 3 Quiz
If an eyewitness to a crime experiences a weapon focus, he or she will be:
more likely to remember information about the gun, but less likely to remember what the person is wearing
more likely to remember what the person is wearing, but less likely to remember information about the gun
more likely to remember peripheral details, but less likely to remember central details
equally likely to remember peripheral and central details
When recalling an autobiographical memory, Conway’s self-memory systems says that:
we access sensory-perceptual details at the level of lifetime periods
we reconstruct the event starting from event-specific knowledge, then general events, and finally lifetimeperiods
we reconstruct the event starting from lifetime periods, then general events, and finally accessing event specific knowledge
retrieval of autobiographical memories is fast and accurate
Which of these autobiographical memory research techniques allows for firmer conclusions about memoryaccuracy?
targeted event recall
cue word technique
public record assessment
People often tout the power of smells as cues for autobiographical memories. How does empirical researchstack up on this issue?
Olfactory cues produce more detailed memories than do non-olfactory cues.
Olfactory cues produce more recent memories than do non-olfactory cues.
Olfactory cues produce more vivid memories than do non-olfactory cues.
Olfactory cues tend to produce flashbulb memories.
One research strategy for investigating childhood memories (in order to check and verify the accuracy ofremembered childhood events) is to:
investigate participants' pasts to confirm the events they remember
ask about salient events that can be easily corroborated by other parties
stage events that can be asked about later on
there is no way to corroborate any childhood memory.
The Proust phenomenon is:
the power of odors to elicit memories that are especially old and vivid
the ability of odors to generate more detailed memories
using olfactory odors to generate autobiographical facts
the ability of odors to generate very early memories in life
In their study of early childhood memories, Usher and Neisser (1993) found that:
family stories and photographs helped the memories of all children
family stories and photographs hurt the memories of all children
family stories and photographs hurt the memories of children four and older
family stories and photographs hurt the memories of children three years and younger
Relating details of personally experienced events makes us seem more believable and truthful, and tends to make us more persuasive. This assertion relates to which function of autobiographical memory?
The "general events" level of representation in autobiographical memory bears a strong resemblance to:
the subordinate level of category representation
the superordinate level of category representation
the basic level of category representation
the notion of an exemplar in category representation
Williams (1994) attempted to corroborate individual cases of lost traumatic memories by finding individualswho had been admitted 17 years earlier to sexual abuse clinics and interviewing them about their current knowledge of the experience. The findings are interpreted as evidence ____ the reality of repressed then recovered memories because __________:
for; over 1/3 failed to remember the event for which they had been admitted.
for; all of them failed to remember the event for which they had been admitted.
against; all of them vividly remembered the event for which they had been admitted.
All of the following statements about the misinformation effect are true except:
It is an example of the memory sin of suggestibility.
It is an example of the memory sin of misattribution.
It is an example of retroactive interference.
It is an example of the memory sin of bias.
Marian and Neisser (2000) conducted a study in which Russian immigrants to the United States were givenRussian or English cue words for autobiographical memories. The results of this study provided a conceptual replication of this classic memory phenomenon in the context of autobiographical memory:
a levels of processing effect
the beneficial effect of organization on memory
a dissociation between implicit and explicit memory
According to the Innocence Project, eyewitness misidentification plays a key role in ___ of the cases of wrongful conviction in which DNA evidence later led to exoneration.
The reminiscence bump refers to the finding that ________ and seems to apply ________.
people show a standard forgetting curve for the last several years of their autobiography; only to episodicmemory
people show a standard forgetting curve for the last several years of their autobiography; to both episodicand semantic memory
people tend to recall a disproportionate number of events from between ages 10 to 30; only to episodicmemory
people tend to recall a disproportionate number of events from between ages 10 to 30; to both episodic and semantic memory
Garry and Wade compared the effects of photos and narratives in producing false memories and found that:
both were about equally likely to lead to false remembering.
neither one led to much false remembering.
narratives led to more false remembering than did photos.
photos led to more false remembering than did narratives.