PSY 352 Week 2 Quiz
Experience in media multi-tasking is associated with:
no change in the ability to control attention.
an increased ability to control attention.
a decreased ability to control attention.
Which of these is a basic level category member?
A problem with an extreme version of the exemplar approach is that:
people are not sensitive to the biasing effects of context.
it is not based on the idea of similarity to an example.
it uses only the average examples, not all of the examples in memory.
it is not economical to store every single example in memory.
Several researchers have examined how well deaf participants remember signs, just as listeners remember words they hear. In listening, words that sound alike are less likely to be remembered. What happens withAmerican Sign Language?
Signs that are close in meaning, regardless of motion involved in the sign, are less likely to be recalled.
Signs whose words sound the same if said aloud are less likely to be recalled, regardless of motion involvedin the sign.
Signs that are made up of similar motions are less likely to be recalled.
There is no sign length effect—all signs were remembered equally well.
One of the major criticisms of the classical view of concepts is that:
it has a graded structure.
members in certain categories have too much family resemblance.
it is not based on similarity.
it is difficult to determine what are necessary and sufficient features for many categories.
In image-based approaches to object recognition:
objects are recognized holistically through comparison with a stored analog representation.
identification of the object is viewpoint independent.
a rotated image can be recognized just as quickly as an image in its normal orientation.
an object must first be broken down into components.
Which of these combinations of repetition/rehearsal would lead to the best memory?
When you're attempting to remember what you did last night, this would be an ________ memory task that taps into ________.
are generally retrieved in the absence of a recollective experience.
tend to be more vulnerable to forgetting than episodic memories.
typically include an affective (i.e., emotional) component.
aren't all that important in day-to-day living.
The testing effect most likely is most clearly related to this general memory framework:
the distinction between episodic and semantic memory
Prosopagnosia refers to:
an inability to identify smells.
an inability to recognize familiar faces.
an inability to recognize common objects.
an inability to detect objects in one particular area of one's visual field.
If I show one group of subjects a list of phrases, such as “break the toothpick,” and then had a second group of subjects actually perform the actions, which group would be more likely to remember the action phrases?
the group that studied the verbal phrases
the group that performed the actions
they would remember the phrases about the same
the verbal group on a recall test; the action group on a recognition test
In parts-based approaches to object recognition:
the identification of the object is viewpoint dependent.
the whole image of the object is examined holistically.
the representation stored in memory is analogous to the object being recognized.
the orientation or the perspective of view on the object is not important.
Research on the long-term retention of knowledge learned through formal instruction leads to the conclusion that retention depends on the length of time over which initial learning takes place. According to your text, this is another instance of the powerful mnemonic benefits of:
a deep level of processing
The ________ approaches to object recognition might also be termed feature analysis, and propose thatrecognition ________ depend on the particular perspective we have on the object to be recognized.
image-based; does not
parts-based; does not
When faced with a picture of someone, which of these is most difficult?
recognizing that the face is someone familiar
retrieving the person's name
retrieving a piece of biographical information about the person
All information about faces is retrieved with about an equal level of difficulty.
The operation span task:
is a measure of visual attention.
requires that participants memorize a series of numbers.
requires participants to perform three tasks concurrently.
requires attentional control and inhibition.
show effects of similarity, but not word length.
have no articulatory loop at all.
show effects of word length, but not similarity.
show effects of word length and similarity, just like hearing individuals.
The fuzzy boundaries in categories is best illustrated by which of the following statements?
Bowling is “sort of” like a sport, but also “sort of” like a game.
An orange is more representative of the category “fruit” than a kiwi is.
“Furniture” is the superordinate level category for the basic level category of “couch”.
Only natural categories have fuzzy boundaries.
The function of working memory whereby we strategically direct our attention is called:
focus of attention
The classic measure used to assess immediate memory capacity limits is termed:
the Stroop task.
the Brown-Peterson task.
the juggling task.
helps performance on a recall memory test, but not on a recognition memory test
helps performance on a recognition memory test, but not on a recall memory test
helps performance on both recall and recognition memory tests
helps performance on neither recall nor recognition memory tests
According to the memory systems account of implicit/explicit dissociations:
explicit memory performance is based on procedural memory, while implicit performance is based on declarative memory
explicit memory performance is based on declarative memory, while implicit performance is based on procedural memory
both explicit and implicit memory performance are based on semantic memory
both explicit and implicit memory performance are based on procedural memory
The functions of concepts in our everyday thinking include all of the following EXCEPT:
slower and more careful thinking.
communicating with others.
supporting new learning.
The most conservative estimate of the limits on immediate memory is:
1 or 2.
3 or 4.
According to Wegner and his colleagues, the ironic effects of thought suppression:
are more likely to occur when attention is overloaded.
occur because of the failure of an ironic monitoring process.
can be explained by a three-factor theory of cognitive control.
occur because the intentional operating process operates too efficiently.
The case where later information interferes with the ability to retain information that occurred earlier is called:
b. retroactive interference.
c. proactive interference.
d. retrograde amnesia.
Baddeley proposed that the functions of the central executive might be better specified through what he termed _____ of the central executive.