PSY 352 Week 1 Quiz

PSY 352 Week 1 Quiz

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PSY 352 Week 1 Quiz 
Question 1
Experiences in which input from one sensory system produces an experience not only in that modality but in another, as well, are called:
synesthesia.
synchrony.
 modulation.
 syncopation.
 
 Question 2
If two people have exactly the same sensory abilities and hear exactly the same faint noise, they may differ in their experience due to:
sensitivity.
response bias.
sensation.
bottom-up processing.
 
Question 3
The tendency to attend to and visually analyze scenes in a particular way is called:
flicker detection.   
mental focus.   
change blindness.   
perceptual set.
 
Question 4
__________ refers to a procedure that requires a rigorous, and systematic self-report of the basic elements of an experience, and was the primary method used by __________.
 
Schema analysis; Gestalt psychologists
Savings; behaviorists
Functional reporting; functionalists
Introspection; structuralists
 
Question 5
The ability to detect the presence or absence of a stimulus or a change in a stimulus is termed:
sensitivity.
response bias.
sensation.
bottom-up processing.
 
Question 6
Which theory of attention posits that selection occurs after all incoming stimuli have been identified? 
attenuation theory
late selection theory
early selection theory
All theories of attention make this assumption.
 
Question 7
Research on split-brain patients reveals that:
the left hemisphere typically specializes in verbal processing, while the right hemisphere specializes in spatial tasks
the left hemisphere typically specializes in spatial tasks, while the right hemisphere specializes in verbal processing
people who have had their corpus callosum severed have a great deal of difficulty functioning in everyday life
for normal people, there is no difference between the functioning of the left and right hemispheres
 
Question 8
The term ________ is typically associated with the physiological processes that underlie information intake, while the term ________ is typically associated with the interpretation and organization of incoming information.
top-down processing; bottom-up processing
bottom-up processing; top-down processing
sensation; perception
 perception; sensation
 
 
Question 9
The information processing approach to cognition likens thought to:
the operation of a computer.
the storage system of a library.
the assembly-line production of a factory.
the trial-and-error learning of the rat in a maze.
 
Question 10
You set out from your living room to go down to the basement to get something. When you get to the basement, you forget what you have walked down there to get. What kind of action slip is this?.
description error
associative activation error 
capture error   
loss of activation error
 
 Question 11
What was the term Bartlett used for generalized knowledge structures about events and situations based on past experience?
savings
introspections
configurations
schemata
 
Question 12
The attentional blink is indicated by:
Decreased RT to a second target stimulus, the sooner it occurs after an initial target stimulus.
decreased RT to a first target stimulus because participants expect it to be followed by a second target.
increased RT to a second target stimulus, the sooner it occurs after an initial target stimulus.
increased RT to a first target stimulus because participants expect it to be followed by a second target.
 
Question 13
Which school of psychology included principles of visual organization in their understanding of psychological processes?
Gestalt
Functionalism
Structuralism
Behaviorism
 
Question 14
The atomistic approach employed by the structuralists — breaking consciousness down into its elemental components — has been likened to the approach of which other scientific discipline?
physics
chemistry
biology
archaeology 
 
Question 15
The active mode of attention might also be termed:
bottom-up.
goal-driven.
stimulus-driven.
pre-attentive.
 
Question 16
William James was a prominent ________ who characterized consciousness as a _______.
functionalist; stream
functionalist; complex combination of simple elements
structuralist; stream
structuralist; complex combination of simple elements
 
Question 17
Our tendency to group elements that occur at the same time is called:
common fate.
similarity.
closure.
synchrony.
Question 18
According to feature integration theory, visual search is a ____-stage process.
one
two
three
four
 
Question 19
The sense of subjective awareness of what our mind is currently doing is termed:
access consciousness.
phenomenal consciousness.
metacognition.
unconsciousness.
 
Question 20
 
The sub-discipline of cognitive science that is interested in the association between mental processing and brain activity is:
developmental
clinical.
neuropsychology.
social.
 
Question 21
_________ refers to the tendency for objects that are near to one another to be grouped.
Similarity 
Proximity 
Closure   
Common fate
Question 22
The forgetting curve, as mapped out by Ebbinghaus, demonstrates that material is forgotten:
very slowly at first, then at a very rapid rate.
rapidly at first, then at a very slow steady rate.
at a fairly constant rate over time.
only if there is interference.
 
Question 23
Feature search is to _____ as conjunction search is to _____.
post-attentive; pre-attentive
affected by display size; unaffected by display size
feature integration; pop-out
subitizing; enumeration
 
Question 24
The higher cognitive processes, such as remembering, planning, and deciding are located in:
the cerebral cortex.
the midbrain.
the hindbrain.
none of the above.
 
Question 25
Metacognition refers to:
the role that emotion plays in cognition.
the fact that we have evolved particular cognitive tendencies and abilities.
the role that the body plays in thinking.
the knowledge we have about our own cognitive processes.
 
 

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