PSY 352 Week 1 Quiz
Experiences in which input from one sensory system produces an experience not only in that modality but in another, as well, are called:
If two people have exactly the same sensory abilities and hear exactly the same faint noise, they may differ in their experience due to:
The tendency to attend to and visually analyze scenes in a particular way is called:
__________ refers to a procedure that requires a rigorous, and systematic self-report of the basic elements of an experience, and was the primary method used by __________.
Schema analysis; Gestalt psychologists
Functional reporting; functionalists
The ability to detect the presence or absence of a stimulus or a change in a stimulus is termed:
Which theory of attention posits that selection occurs after all incoming stimuli have been identified?
late selection theory
early selection theory
All theories of attention make this assumption.
Research on split-brain patients reveals that:
the left hemisphere typically specializes in verbal processing, while the right hemisphere specializes in spatial tasks
the left hemisphere typically specializes in spatial tasks, while the right hemisphere specializes in verbal processing
people who have had their corpus callosum severed have a great deal of difficulty functioning in everyday life
for normal people, there is no difference between the functioning of the left and right hemispheres
The term ________ is typically associated with the physiological processes that underlie information intake, while the term ________ is typically associated with the interpretation and organization of incoming information.
top-down processing; bottom-up processing
bottom-up processing; top-down processing
The information processing approach to cognition likens thought to:
the operation of a computer.
the storage system of a library.
the assembly-line production of a factory.
the trial-and-error learning of the rat in a maze.
You set out from your living room to go down to the basement to get something. When you get to the basement, you forget what you have walked down there to get. What kind of action slip is this?.
associative activation error
loss of activation error
What was the term Bartlett used for generalized knowledge structures about events and situations based on past experience?
The attentional blink is indicated by:
Decreased RT to a second target stimulus, the sooner it occurs after an initial target stimulus.
decreased RT to a first target stimulus because participants expect it to be followed by a second target.
increased RT to a second target stimulus, the sooner it occurs after an initial target stimulus.
increased RT to a first target stimulus because participants expect it to be followed by a second target.
Which school of psychology included principles of visual organization in their understanding of psychological processes?
The atomistic approach employed by the structuralists — breaking consciousness down into its elemental components — has been likened to the approach of which other scientific discipline?
The active mode of attention might also be termed:
William James was a prominent ________ who characterized consciousness as a _______.
functionalist; complex combination of simple elements
structuralist; complex combination of simple elements
Our tendency to group elements that occur at the same time is called:
According to feature integration theory, visual search is a ____-stage process.
The sense of subjective awareness of what our mind is currently doing is termed:
The sub-discipline of cognitive science that is interested in the association between mental processing and brain activity is:
_________ refers to the tendency for objects that are near to one another to be grouped.
The forgetting curve, as mapped out by Ebbinghaus, demonstrates that material is forgotten:
very slowly at first, then at a very rapid rate.
rapidly at first, then at a very slow steady rate.
at a fairly constant rate over time.
only if there is interference.
Feature search is to _____ as conjunction search is to _____.
affected by display size; unaffected by display size
feature integration; pop-out
The higher cognitive processes, such as remembering, planning, and deciding are located in:
the cerebral cortex.
none of the above.
Metacognition refers to:
the role that emotion plays in cognition.
the fact that we have evolved particular cognitive tendencies and abilities.
the role that the body plays in thinking.
the knowledge we have about our own cognitive processes.